The caves were the first and most coveted housing for primitive man, especially when being forced to take refuge by climate change and the arrival of the glaciers. The best refuge offered by nature was the caverns and hollows; they served as a coat in winter and cool when the sun was burning. In addition, there was a way to fend off wild animals such as the sable tiger or the bear and also the enemies of other tribes. There is evidence that prehistoric men lived in caves in southern France or China more than 300,000 years before Christ.
And so it continued until the present time; there are caves that have been continuously inhabited by humans for millennia.
In Andalusia, there are references to caves inhabited, which extension seems to be related to the expulsion of the Moors from the kingdom of Granada, which occurred in the last third of the sixteenth century. It is also known that the regression of this population expelled, years later meant a new growth of housing excavated in the province. Although historical references can be found earlier, the caves expanded mainly along the nineteenth century and during the first half of the twentieth century.
At the beginning of the eighties a phenomenon began to develop that led to repair and adapt the caves, abandoned before, in order to enjoy them in holidays. Today these houses are a real boom in rural areas because they are equipped with all the comforts of a modern housing together with the advantages of a cave.
TROGLODYTES ,TRAVELLING TO THE FUTURE
After decades of arrangements with advertising professionals and legality, today there are few who can truly enjoy a stay in a shelter dug adapted to continental weather circunstances at 1000 metres above sea level and with strong temperature variations, which occur on the outside. Its structure of clay, famous for its great diversity, which involves walls and roofs quarry, acts as a thermal, acoustic and bioclimatic regulator.
Formerly, the rooms of the caves were dug by hand by their future inhabitants and under the guidance and assistance of the "master digger", whitewashed for receiving the sunlight and to ensure the breathability of its constructive elements, essential to keep them healthy.
The average temperature of troglodyte housing moves around the 19 degrees. The rooms are warmer in winter and cooler in summer, perfect for a nap. They are a real luxury without air conditioning, heating...
HE CAVES AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
The underground shelter involves an easy solution that allows saving energy problems. They return soil to plants and trees and allow building without spending material resources. The use of subsoil also allows doubling the space available, actually one of the trends of modern urbanism. We should consider the caves in its entirety as residential and architectural heritage because they are less to admire and save than some time ago.